COVID-19 is the disease caused by an infection of the SARS-CoV-2 virus, first identified in the city of Wuhan, in China’s Hubei province in December 2019. COVID-19 was previously known as 2019 Novel Coronavirus (2019-nCoV) respiratory disease before the World Health Organization (WHO) declared the official name as COVID-19 in February 2020.
Covid-19 Hygiene Guidance
What is social distancing ?
Social distancing is a public health strategy to slow down the transmission of an infectious disease like Covid-19.
Why is social distancing necessary ?
When a serious disease can spread rapidly and cause many in the population to end up requiring hospitalization, that puts a strain on the existing healthcare system. Healthcare resources are finite, meaning there are only a certain number of doctors, nurses, hospital beds, ICU beds, ECMO/ventilators, medical supplies that are available in any given community. When patients are admitted, they need a certain amount of time to stay in the hospital to recover and in some unfortunate cases succumb to the disease. Now when there are more patients that need hospitalization than the available number of resources, that will result in a state where many patients will not have adequate medical care or life saving interventions available to them. It can lead to terrible situations like where a physician must decide which patient gets priority and access to the life saving equipment and which patient does not. This is not fun for healthcare professionals or patients. This is the current state in Italy where they are overwhelmed by the number of cases and even their very strong, affordable and well equipped socialized care system is struggling under this strain. If this same situation occurs in a country like the United States where health care is not easily accessible and the amount of healthcare resources has been optimized over the years to make hospitals more lucrative and profitable, it will be much worse a situation than Italy.
The whole reason social distancing is applied right now is to keep the number of incoming cases under the limit of what our healthcare system can handle, thereby increasing the chance that every patient has accessibility to quality, life saving healthcare interventions. Trying to keep the rate of incoming patients within the capacity of the healthcare system is what is referred to as “flattening the curve”.
How to talk to kids about Covid -19
Government Health Resources By Country
United States of America